Yearly Archives: 2012

*Southern was represented in several stories related to the recent tragic shooting in Newtown.

Helen Bennett Harvey, who is an adjunct journalism faculty member, as well as city editor at the New Haven Register, wrote a Dec. 20 column about the tragedy and how it can effect teachers. She also discussed how the shootings have caused her to reflect on classes she teachers. She complimented Southern – especially the journalism students – and offered high praise for Police Chief Joe Dooley, his professionalism and his commitment to the safety of the campus.

The following is a link to the Register column:

Also, Southern’s own memorial service on attracted two stories — one in the New Haven Register on Dec. 19 and the other covered by a Fox News affiliate from New York on Dec. 18.

The following is a link to the Register story:

*Jon Bloch, chairman of the Sociology Department, was quoted in a recent New Haven Register story about the effect that the tragedy can have on how people celebrate Christmas.

The following is a link to the Register story:

*Jerry Dunklee, professor of journalism, was quoted in a Dec. 15 story in the New Haven Register about the media coverage of the Newtown tragedy.

The following is a link to the Register story:

*Two courses being offered by Southern were highlighted Dec. 2 in Sunday’s lead story of the Connecticut section of the New Haven Register. Both courses pertain to the cultural phenomenon of apocalyptic predictions. Marie McDaniel, assistant professor of history, is teaching a class this semester called “Apocalypse Then: End Times in American History.” It examines the history of doomsday predictions in America. Jessica Kenty-Drane, associate professor of sociology, will teach a class during the spring semester called “Apocalypse Now: Culture of Fear in the U.S.?” It will look at the societal consequences of repeated predictions of the end of the world.

The following is a link to the Register story, photo and video:

*An article ran in the New Haven Register on Dec. 2 that previewed a concert at Southern by the Haven String Quartet. The concert would feature Mani Mirzaee, who plays an ancient Persian instrument called a setar. Mark Kuss, professor of music, composed a 25-minute piece for the concert.

The following is a link to the Register story, photo and video:

    Elliott Horch, associate professor of physics, is proving to be one of the academic stars of the university.

    He was recently presented with Southern’s Faculty-Scholar Award — given to a faculty member with a single exceptional scholarly work that has appeared in a public forum during the previous five years. Criteria for selection also include the work’s peer recognition, its social merit, and the extent of its advancement of knowledge and/or its creative contribution, all of which are established by outside evaluators.

    In Horch’s case, his invention of a Differential Speckle Survey Instrument (DSSI) – a device that attaches to a telescope to significantly enhance the clarity of the images – earned him the award. He was honored during a ceremony on March 11 in the lobby of the Lyman Center for the Performing Arts.

    Horch developed the device after securing a $352,000 grant from the National Science Foundation. The project was completed in 2008 and sent to the Kitt Peak National Observatory in Tucson, Ariz. The primary intent was to study binary stars in an attempt to find out more about the origins of our own solar system. And while it is used for that purpose, it recently was selected for use by NASA’s Kepler mission – a project in which astronomers are looking for life-bearing, Earth-like planets in the Milky Way Galaxy. In fact, it was used in the discovery of Kepler 22b, the first small planet outside the solar system that was found to orbit its sun in what astronomers call the habitable zone – a distance that is believed to be neither too close nor too far from its sun.

    It was also recently used to photograph Pluto and its moon, Charon. The device enabled astronomers to get the sharpest images ever of both from a ground-based telescope.

    Steve Howell, deputy project scientist for the Kepler mission, has been enthusiastic about Horch’s device since he first saw it in 2008. He referred to it in a newsletter as “one of the little-known but most impressive instruments at the WIYN Observatory at Kitt Peak.”

    Horch says that he was encouraged to apply for the award by James Dolan, professor of physics and the department’s former chairman.

    “In the far future, after a space probe with Earth reaches a planet orbiting a distant star and a scholar writes a history of how Earthlings reached beyond the solar system, an early chapter will be called Kepler,” Dolan says. “And among the scientists in the long list of references will appear the name E. Horch.”

    Horch says he appreciates Dolan’s continual support throughout his tenure at Southern. He adds that he is grateful to the awards committee, but says there were many excellent candidates. “I think there’s a lot of interesting research and creative activity going on at Southern – much more than many people in the statewide community probably realize – so it’s an honor to be selected.”

    The Faculty-Scholar Award is the latest in a string of honors Horch has received for his invention. In 2009, he was the Platinum Recipient for the Connecticut Quality Improvement Award Innovation Prize. And two years later, he earned the Norton Mezvinsky Trustees Research Award from what was then known as the Connecticut State University System.

    His DSSI will be available this summer for users of the 8-meter telescope at the Gemini Observatory in Hawaii.

    Marianne Kennedy, interim provost and vice president for academic affairs, says Horch has been a tremendous asset to the Southern community. “He exemplifies what a teacher-scholar is all about – someone who conducts outstanding research while excelling in the classroom as an educator,” she says.

    Kennedy also notes that the DSSI will be available this summer for users of the 8-meter telescope at the Gemini Observatory in Hawaii,

    NEWS NOTE: The New Haven Register ran a story on Elliott Horch’s device in its Jan. 6, 2013 edition. The following is a link to the article:

    The amount of power held by the Fourth Estate is a topic often debated. Many say it holds considerable sway in influencing the culture and popular opinion. But can media coverage of economic news actually play a significant role in determining whether your stock market investments rise or fall?

    Gene Birz, who began teaching this semester at Southern as an assistant professor of economics and finance, says yes it can, at least in the short run.

    Birz has conducted a study that examined newspaper headlines during a period of more than 13 years that pertained to several key monthly economic reports. Each headline was categorized as either positive, negative, neutral or mixed. He then examined whether the stock market had risen or fallen on the day of the release of these economic reports.

    What he found was that the headlines involving two major economic reports – the unemployment rate and the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) – had a direct correlation on whether the market went up or down on the trading day when the reports were released. If the headlines were rated positive – as determined by research assistants for the American Enterprise Institute – stocks tended to rise the next trading day, on average. Conversely, if the headlines were considered negative, the market generally declined.

    “The headlines reflected the perceptions of journalists, which are very similar to those of the general public,” Birz says. He says that most such headlines are not usually written by economic experts, and therefore are more reflective of how the average person would perceive the economic news.

    Birz says that business experts generally have felt that the stock market is influenced by economic news, but that the theory had not been supported by strong empirical evidence. He says one of the reasons for that lack of evidence is that it is not just the economic statistics in and of themselves that influence the market, but also how that information is interpreted by investors. He also says the news headlines are important in that they often give people, particularly investors, a quick interpretation of what otherwise can be a complex or ambiguous story.

    He adds that the study also looked at the link between the stock market and headlines about durable goods and retail sales, but they were not statistically significant.

    Birz’s findings were published last November in the Journal of Banking & Finance. The article, which he co-wrote with John R. Lott Jr., was called “The Effect of Macroeconomic News on Stock Returns: New Evidence from Newspaper Coverage.”

    He previously served as an adjunct faculty member at Adelphi University in Garden City, N.Y. In 2009-10, Birz was a lecturer at Binghamton University in Vestal, N.Y., where he earned a Master of Science degree in economics in 2007 and a Doctor of Philosophy degree in economics in 2011. As explained in this website you can learn about how binary options trading works and how to trade binary options from here.

    Birz also has worked as an associate at Morgan Stanley in New York as part of the internal audit risk management group.



    Thousands of years ago, parts of Mexico and Central America that are barren today were home to flourishing civilizations. Despite tough climate and soil conditions that make modern-day farming seem nearly impossible, the ancient Maya prospered.

    Ezgi Akpinar Ferrand, assistant professor of geography, thinks the secret lies in a relatively low-tech method for collecting and conserving rain water, and believes these primitive techniques could help people in developing nations today.

    So in June, Akpinar Ferrand will join a team of researchers in Pich, Mexico to reconstruct an ancient Mayan pond-and-canal irrigation system, which she hopes will help struggling farmers now living in the village. If successful, the team hopes to teach the village of 2,000 people how to grow indigenous crops organically, which they can then sell to surrounding resort towns.

    The project was recently featured in a cover story last month in Global South Development Magazine as one of “12 Initiatives Taking Positive Steps Towards a Healthier, Fairer and More Sustainable Food and Agriculture System.”

    “If successfully reconstructed, this system would help nourish the surrounding land, increase income and water security and be a model for other populations living in the area,” the article says.

    The ancient Maya lived in southern Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras and parts of El Salvador from around 1,000 B.C. until the civilization’s collapse sometime after 1,000 A.D.

    Akpinar Ferrand first began studying the Mayan water management system while researching her doctoral dissertation at the University of Cincinnati. But it was while interning at the U.N. Environment Programme, studying climate change, that she began thinking about the possibility of using her research to solve present-day problems such as hunger and drought.

    Akpinar Ferrand was trying to understand how the ancient Maya could overcome the challenges of their terrain and climate while modern-day populations have failed. The hardships include alternating rainy and dry seasons, poor soil and a landscape riddled with sinkholes that cause rain water to seep underground.

    She says the ancient Maya figured out a way to use a series of natural and man-made ponds known as aguadas to collect and store their rain water. They lined the ponds with natural materials such as clay, stone or plaster and built silting tanks at their entrances to filter the water. By building berms and dredging, they were able to maximize the ponds’ capacity.

    The ancient Maya used the water not only for washing and drinking, but for agricultural crops and possibly even for fish farming, by building a series of canals and raised fields, according to Akpinar Ferrand.

    “They were pretty savvy with their natural resources and we don’t do the same thing today,” she says.

    Since thousands of abandoned aguadas continue to exist in many of the regions where the ancient Maya lived, Akpinar Ferrand says it makes sense to try to reconstruct them to help boost economic opportunities there. She says villagers in the Yucatan peninsula need an irrigation system that is low-tech, inexpensive and relatively easy to adopt.

    “The underground water in that area is very deep and could be up to several hundred feet underground,” she says. “To pump that is quite a lot of work and a lot of money. With this, you don’t need a lot of money or very complex technology. You just need a little bit of human power.”

    The Pich, Mexico project is being led by ethnographer Betty Faust of the Centro de Investigacion Cientifica de Yucatan, located in Merida, Yucatan, and archaeologist Armando Anaya of the University Autonoma de Campeche.

    The team is seeking a grant from National Geographic to help fund the project. Akpinar Ferrand says the first phase will involve paleoenvironmental field work to help the team better understand the canal and raised field system before it begins reconstruction.

    “This reconstruction of old technology is not something that’s been tried,” Akpinar Ferrand says. “If it works, maybe it can be a model that would ultimately make sense to policymakers and local governments.”

    In a related project, Akpinar Ferrand is working with Southern student Fatima Cecunjanin, a sophomore majoring in geography, to research how rainwater harvesting can help regions of the world deal with climate change. Vulnerable regions such as Western North America, Central America, Southern Asia and East Asia could benefit.

    Cecunjanin will present a poster highlighting their work at the 2013 American Association of Geographers Annual Meeting in Los Angeles.


    For the second consecutive year, freshmen in the Honors College program have participated in an innovative genomics research program created by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI). The students collect soil samples and isolate bacterial viruses, known as “phage,” which are later purified and the DNA extracted. Southern was chosen for the program during a competitive process in 2011.

    The university has since teamed up with a company called 454 Life Sciences, a biotechnology company that is a subsidiary of the Roche Co., which has helped the students decode the genomes of the viruses. This decoding process, which is called sequencing, has been conducted at the company’s Branford facilities and the data then returned to the students for analysis, according to Katie Montgomery, a company spokeswoman.

    The partnership between Southern and 454 Life Sciences has helped the students to succeed in the HHMI genomics research program, including being selected last spring for a poster presentation at the annual student-focused research meeting in Ashburn, Va. The meeting is designed for the colleges and universities participating in the genomics research program.

    “Out of the 80 or so colleges and universities participating in the program, we are one of only a handful which, thanks to (454 Life Sciences), were able to sequence all of the phages that were isolated by the students,” says Nicholas Edgington, associate professor of biology and a coordinator of the program. “We are also among only a handful that offers the course primarily to non-biology students.”

    He says the relationship with the company began when he asked for a tour of its sequencing lab facility in the fall of 2011. He notes that he asked 454 Life Sciences last spring if it would consider sequencing some of the phage genomes. The company agreed.

    “Sequencing has become a fundamental research tool, with applications in both human and environmental microbiology,” Montgomery says. “Educating the next generation of scientists on emerging genomic technologies is critical and we are pleased to work with Nicholas Edgington (associate professor of biology and a coordinator of the program) and the team at SCSU on this project.”

    Deborah Carroll, professor of psychology, views her position as more of a journey than a job – a voyage she takes with her students each year and finds memorable, challenging and personally rewarding. But Carroll – who has taught as a full-time faculty member at Southern since 1994 – never imagined that journey would include recognition as the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching Connecticut Professor of the Year.

    The Carnegie Foundation and the Council for Advancement and Support of Education (CASE) have announced that Carroll is the 2012 recipient of the prestigious award. A professor of the year was chosen this year in 30 of 50 states, as well as the District of Columbia. A total of 300 professors were nominated throughout the nation for the various state awards.

    “It is an honor to be named as the recipient of the award and I’m particularly honored to bring recognition to SCSU,” she says. “I hope it affords me opportunities to share discussions, strategies and information about teaching with colleagues at all levels of education.”

    Carroll credits her late mother, RoseMarie Carroll, with playing a key role in her selection, as well as her career. She passed away in March.

    “She valued education tremendously and instilled in me a burning desire for learning and all things educational,” she says. “I consider myself to be a life-long learner and hope I can inspire others to be the same.”

    The Stratford resident said that on the first day of class each semester, she tells her students that they are on a journey together. “I’ve been to the destination before, but not with them,” she says. “I look forward to our exploring the territory together, and to my learning to see the territory through their eyes… I look forward to sharing with my students the joy and excitement of learning new things and new ways of seeing the world and each other.”

    SCSU interim Provost Marianne Kennedy says the campus is thrilled that Carroll has been recognized with the award.

    “Not only is she a gifted teacher and advisor, but she is also a gracious colleague, mentor and role model to other faculty,” Kennedy says. “She epitomizes the teacher-scholar that we all try to emulate.”

    Judges for the competition evaluate nominees on four criteria:

    Impact on and involvement with undergraduate studentsScholarly approach to teaching and learningContributions to undergraduate education in the institution, community and professionSupport from colleagues, as well as current and former undergraduate students

    Carroll has been recognized during the last two years by both the SCSU and the Connecticut State Colleges & Universities communities. She was selected as the 2011 recipient of SCSU’s J. Philip Smith Outstanding Teaching Award. And she was named in 2012 as a university-level recipient of the Board of Regents/Connecticut State University Teaching Award.

    Carroll has earned the praise of both colleagues and students.

    Cheryl Durwin, assistant chairwoman of the SCSU Psychology Department, says Carroll teaches all of her courses as writing intensive because she believes in the power of writing to help students understand course material and to think critically.

    “It is the way in which Debby does so that sets her apart,” Durwin says in a letter of support for Carroll. She points to an assignment in Carroll’s Psychopharmacology class – a course Carroll created — as an example. “Students were required to explain how a particular drug affects brain functioning and subsequent behavior, but they were to write their response as if they were explaining this effect to (an elementary school student),” Durwin says. “This type of assignment challenges college students not only to understand the concepts, but to demonstrate their knowledge by translating a very complex process into simple language.”

    Carroll’s students often point out that while her classes are demanding, they actually understand what they are studying beyond what is necessary for the next test.

    Kelly Webster, one of Carroll’s students who graduated earlier this year, says that is one of the characteristics that make her an effective teacher.

    “Dr. Carroll is fundamentally concerned with students learning the material, rather than regurgitating it,” Webster says in a letter of support. “I’m sure every college student has taken at least one class in which their success was determined by a few multiple choice tests that could be crammed for,” Webster said. “Students walk out of these classes feeling happy about their ‘A’…but with no more knowledge about the subject matter than they started with. (Conversely), Dr. Carroll measures success in a manner that really encourages and evaluates understanding.”

    The Professors of the Year program began in 1981, when one national winner was named. The awards program expanded in 1985 so that state winners were also named.

    The Carnegie Foundation is an independent policy and research center that supports needed transformations in American education through tighter connections between teaching practice, evidence of student learning, the communication and use of this evidence, and structured opportunities to build knowledge. CASE is a professional association headquartered in Washington, D.C. that serves educational institutions and the advancement of professionals at all levels who work in alumni relations, communications, fundraising, marketing and other areas.

      Erin McPike

      Erin McPike, a reporter covering the presidential race for Real Clear Politics, shared her insight into the 2012 elections during an Oct. 24 forum at Southern.

      McPike was the keynote speaker for the forum, “Politics and Apple Pie: A Look Into The 2012 Presidential & Congressional Elections.” The event drew about 225 people into the Michael J. Adanti Student Center, Grand Ballroom.

      She had been a frequent guest on MSNBC and FOX offering analyses of national politics. She also had appeared on CNN, ABC, CBS, C-Span and BBC, as well as NPR radio. Since the forum, McPike has landed a job as a general assignment correspondent with CNN.

      Before working for Real Clear Politics, an online political news and polling publication, McPike was a reporter with National Journal, a weekly political magazine. She also had written articles for Campaigns and Elections, a political insiders’ magazine. She covered former Gov. Mitt Romney’s (R-Mass.) first presidential bid in 2008 as an embedded reporter with NBC News. She holds bachelor’s degrees in journalism and in political science from the honors program at American University.

      She encouraged students to make their voices and opinions about local, state and national politics heard. She also discussed how Ohio was a key state to watch on Election Day.

      A panel discussion – moderated by Diane Alverio, publisher of CT Latino News and a former TV journalist — followed McPike’s keynote speech. The panelists included: Neil Levesque, executive director of the New Hampshire Institute of Politics and Political Library at Saint Anselm College in Manchester, N.H.; Art Paulson, chairman of the SCSU Political Science Department; Theresa Marchant-Shapiro, SCSU assistant professor of political science; Julian Madison, SCSU associate professor of history, and Lesley DeNardis, associate professor of political science at Sacred Heart University.

      Levesque was frequently tapped by national media during the months leading to this year’s New Hampshire primary. The New Hampshire Institute of Politics hosted presidential debates run by ABC, FOX and CNN.


        Think back to your college philosophy professor. If you can remember them at all, you would probably recall that were well-versed in the theories and thoughts of Plato, Socrates and Aristotle. Chances are they talked in depth about existentialism, epistemology and syllogisms. And perhaps they challenged you to think about mind-bending questions such as, “What is the meaning of life?”

        But here are a few things they probably didn’t do: They probably didn’t write a chapter in a book called “The Red Sox and Philosophy: Green Monster Meditations.” They probably did not link “Red Sox Nation” with an Eastern philosophical approach that values “we” more than “I” and attributes the opposite philosophical outlook to the New York Yankees. And they almost certainly didn’t share those views as part of a talk in a bar located in New York.

        Nevertheless, Chelsea Harry, 31, a newly hired assistant professor of philosophy at Southern Connecticut State University, has combined the academic philosophical studies of Descartes and Confucius with real world subjects, such as baseball. Her book chapter, “We Are Family: The Self and Red Sox Nation,” published two years ago by Open Court, weaves in the differences between Eastern and Western culture and how they apply to the Red Sox and Yankees. In her teaching, she hopes to weave the traditional deep, philosophical subjects with some of today’s popular culture as a way to show students how philosophy is relevant to their lives. “I had written the Red Sox piece as a way to teach an important difference between eastern and western concepts of self using a popular model of rivalry,” she says.

        What she found – with a mixture of factual information and an admitted biased perspective – was that while both teams and their fans enjoyed much success, there are significant differences that are rooted unconsciously in Eastern and Western philosophical approaches to life.

        “Red Sox fans view the players and coaches as almost an extension of their families,” Harry says. “The team and the fans view each other, in many respects, as one and the same. Whether they realize it or not, they embody many of the values of Eastern philosophy, such as that espoused by Confucius.”

        She notes that this sort of “oneness” with the team may be attributable, at least in part, to the decades and decades of shared disappointment. The Red Sox had gone 86 years without a World Series championship until their victory in 2004. To make it even more painful, several times they had risen to the brink of baseball nirvana during their drought, only to fall short in post-season play.

        By contrast, she said the Yankees have embodied more of a philosophy that has been historically pervasive in the West. It’s more oriented to the individual – hiring many all-star players and hoping that the whole will equal the sum of all the individual talent. She said they seem to have a sense of entitlement – a belief that they should and must win the World Series each year. Anything less than winning the World Series is viewed as a failure in their eyes.

        “Yes, the Red Sox sought to hire some all-star players, as well, but not to the same degree,” she says. “And they have relied more on the intangibles and a sense of community.” The ultimate success of the “Idiots,” the nickname of the Red Sox team in 2004, is an example.

        “I suppose we should leave open the possibility that the Yankee fans might be more of a community if they were to suffer for a long period of time with losing teams,” she says. “In fact, I would like to be able to test that theory,” she jokes, admitting that she is a lifelong Red Sox fan and grew up in Massachusetts.

        When a Red Sox player puts himself ahead of the team, the fans will turn on him, she says. She noted the departure of Manny Ramirez, who after months of reported temper tantrums and egoism, was traded to the Los Angeles Dodgers in 2008. But the fans grew tired of him well before the trade, despite being among the best hitters in the American League.

        She points to the constant ego battles on the Yankees during the late 1970s and early 80s, such as between Reggie Jackson and manager Billy Martin, and between Martin and Steinbrenner, as typifying how they put “me” ahead of “we.” And while those dramas have subsided on the Yankees of today, she said you still see A-Rod’s celebrity status in social circles, and Derek Jeter appearing in TV commercials.

        Another difference between Yankee and Red Sox values can be demonstrated in how many of their players have had their number retired. While the Yankees have retired the number of 16 of their players, the Red Sox have only retired the number of seven of theirs. “Again, this points to a difference in emphasis between team and self.”

        Harry admits that the Red Sox have had some problems of their own this year, driven in part by personalities. “After the success of 2004 and 2007, you might be seeing some of the ‘it’s all about me’ mentality creeping into the organization. There may be a bit of an identity crisis going on right now. But I suspect this is an aberration and that the team will go back to its roots.”



        *A Nov. 18 column in the New Haven Register by Randy Beach focused on Lisa Siedlarz, who has written a book of poetry about her brother’s (Kevin) deployment in Afghanistan. Lisa is a loan administrator in the Office of Financial Aid and Scholarships.

        The following is a link to the Register column:

        *Deborah Carroll, professor of psychology, was interviewed Nov. 18 on Channel 61’s morning news show for her recent selection as Connecticut Professor of the Year by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and the Council for Advancement and Support of Education. The interview ran for about 4 1/2 minutes.

        The following is a link to the Channel 61 interview:

        Deborah was also featured in the Nov. 15 edition of the New Haven Register for the same award.

        The following is a link to the Register story:

        And Channel 8 posted an article on its website about her award on Nov. 14.

        *Wes O’Brien, chairman of the Media Studies Department, was the focus of a Page 1 story in the Nov. 11 (Sunday) edition of the New Haven Register pertaining to his research on music that is played in war movies. He found that the music is often indicative of society’s changing attitudes toward a particular war.

        The following is a link to the Register story:

        *The SCSU Veterans Association was highlighted in an article that appeared in the Nov. 8 edition of the New Haven Register. The organization had participated in a charity event for a Connecticut veteran who killed during the Iraq War.

        The following is a link to the story:

        About 125 seventh graders from New Haven’s schools will take classes at Southern starting next summer as part of a federally-funded program designed to improve college access and readiness.

        Southern is one of three higher education institutions in Connecticut participating in the Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Program (GEAR UP), a seven-year, $31.5 million project that is designed to serve 3,000 middle school students in New Haven, Waterbury and East Hartford. Southern has been awarded $2 million from the grant, which is funded by the U.S. Department of Education, according to Patricia Zibluk, director of Southern’s Sponsored Programs and Research (SPAR).

        The 125 students will be selected from about 340 incoming seventh graders next summer from eight schools in New Haven. They will participate in classes and programs in math, science, literacy, and arts and culture for a five-week period during the summer of 2013. A group of 125 students from the same class will do the same in the summer of 2014 – some of whom will be the same students who came to Southern the summer earlier. The summer sessions will continue through 2018.

        “The GEAR UP grant presents Southern with the opportunity to strengthen our partnership with the New Haven School District,” Zibluk says. “By working together, we can bring services, mentoring, summer experiences, as well as academic and arts enrichment to 340 entering seventh graders and their families for the next six years.”

        The 320 incoming seventh graders from New Haven – as well as about 2,700 other incoming seventh graders statewide — will be eligible for college scholarships after high school graduation. About half of the $31.5 million grant is being set aside for college scholarships. In addition, Southern will allocate $1.2 million specifically for those students who participate in the summer program at Southern. They also will be allowed to take 6 credits of classes at Southern tuition free.

        Students will be given graphing calculators, which will be required to participate in the summer program. Southern also will be playing a key role with the students during the regular school year – such as providing students mentors and tutors, who will be Southern students participating in a teaching program. In addition, both students and their parents will be eligible to participate in financial literacy programs, as well as information sessions about financial aid.